Hypertension: A Very Serious Problem In The World

See this increase is happening in patients with high blood pressure at this rate! This is a serious matter to know. Right now hypertension is a very serious problem in the world.

In India, the percentage of adults (30-79 years) has increased from 7.5% in 1990 to 90.8% in men. And 6.5% to 4.5% in women. According to an international study published in The Lancet. The number of adults living with hypertension worldwide has doubled in the last 30 years. From an estimated 331 million women in 1990 and 317 million men to 626 million women and 352 million men in 2019. Middle-income countries, a new study has found.

                                                         Hypertension: A very serious problem in the world

Researchers at Imperial College of London and WHO did research. In that research, they analyzed the blood pressure of more than 100 million people. They measured the blood pressure of adults aged 30 to 79. Along with 184 countries Indian was also included in an experiment. This study was published in The Lancet. 

The study has shown that since the last 3 decades, the percentage ratio of males suffering from hypertension has significantly increased.

The prevalence of the disease has increased from 25.50 percent in 1990 to 30.59 percent in Indian men in 2019. From 26.53 percent in Indian women to 29.54 percent. A data was collected from 1201 population-representative studies collected. Which involved 184 million people from 17 countries. They were analyzed by Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RISC).

Hypertension: A very serious problem in the world
Hypertension: A very serious problem in the world

The writers applied modeling techniques to estimate the prevalence of such a condition. Through this, they estimated the proportion of people suffering from hypertension. Plus they evaluated the proportion of people treated earlier. The authors also looked at the people whose government was taking care of. They noted that because of the lack of data the comparative estimates may be affected. This happened particularly in Oceania and Sub-Saharan Africa. 


What is hypertension? 

When a patient’s systolic blood pressure is 140 mmHg or more than that, it shows hypertension. And when a patient’s diastolic blood pressure is 90 mmHg or more that, it shows hypertension. Systolic blood pressure is the first number. It shows how much pressure your blood passes against the arterial walls when the heartbeats. While diastolic is a number that indicates the amount of pressure when the heart rests between heartbeats. 

Hypertension can be easily diagnosed and treated, and medications are cheaper. The study found that nearly half of the world’s population were unaware that they were suffering from the condition. And that about 53 percent of women and 62 percent of men had no treatment. There are effective medications to bring blood pressure back to normal. The percentage of people able to control hypertension was found to be much lower. Less than 1 in 5 women and 1 in 5 men.

Hypertension: A very serious problem in the world
Hypertension: A very serious problem in the world

However, universal health coverage has improved. The primary healthcare services have also been strengthened and better. The research has found that the treatment of hypertension has improved. This includes middle-income countries. This may include, Costa Rica, Kazakhstan, South Africa, Turkey, Iran and Brazil. According to the studies, approximately 8.5 million people die due to high blood pressure. It increases the risks of some major diseases. Such as Ischemic Heart, Cardiovascular and Renal problems. Lowering blood pressure can reduce the number of strokes. It helps to avoid heart attacks and heart failure. 

So that definite prevention of this disease can be done. He said that most people suffering from hypertension do not receive any treatment. Especially in low- and middle-income countries. Thus there should be policies to improve diagnosis. Efforts to ensure uninterrupted access to drugs, promote healthy consumption. Increase the availability and nutritional value of low salt foods, and fruits and vegetables. 


Treatment and control in poor countries:

The percentage of treatment in Iceland, South Korea, and Canada is high. It was noted 70% in these high-income nations. The level of treatment was 50% in 2019. As the result, an improvement rate of hypertension was shown. Plus, in upper-middle and middle-income countries, about 60% of people’s condition was controlled. Countries such as Costa Rica and more. 

But, in LMICs, less than 5% of women and less than 50% of men were treated for hypertension in 2016. This LMIC includes Oceania, Indonesia, Nepal, and Sub-Saharan Africa. Blood pressure was well controlled by at least 10 percent of those who received treatment.

Hypertension: A very serious problem in the world
Hypertension: A very serious problem in the world

Lien Riley is the co-author of the study at WHO, Switzerland. A demand warned that countries such as sub-Saharan Africa, Oceania, and South Asia would have an increased risk of vascular and kidney disease because detection and treatment rates are too low. In the poorest countries. She also said that the screening and treatment capacity of these countries should be enhanced. 

Declara Chow at the University of Sydney, Australia gave a statement. She said that we should imply innovative techniques to slow down the global burden of hypertension. And better strategies are needed in blood pressure diagnosis and management. She also added that the prevalence rate is much higher. As compared to the rate at which people are treated. Thus, the local implementation should be closely monitored. 

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